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Little bumps and air bubbles on a soft biscuit issue

April 04, 2021

Dear all, 

we baked biscuits for the first time. We start with a soft biscuit (two types with/without cocoa powder). We have a direct-fired oven, 40m long, with four-zone.

We faced with two problems:

-the line of unbaked dough in the middle of the biscuit

the line of unbaked dough

-The bigger challenge for us is little bumps and air bubbles on a soft biscuit. (We have docker holes on each biscuit.)

little bumps and air bubbles

To bring you closer to our problems, I sent our recept and description of the baking process below:

sugar 20kg, flour (T710) 125kg, palm oil 22kg, invert syrup 20kg, water 10kg, powder milk 2kg, cocoa powder 3kg, ammonium bicarbonate 1,4kg, table salt 0,7kg, sodium pyrophosphate 0,2kg, sodium metabisulfite 0,03kg, chocolate aroma 0,1kg, soy lecithin 0,5kg, soda 0,8 kg , corn starch 2kg, scrap (biscuit remnants) 15kg

Mix all ingredients in a mixer, except flour and pyrophosphate for 4-6 minutes. Then add flour and sodium pyrophosphate and mix for another 4 minutes.

The maximum quantity of mixer is around 450kg. The bigger quantity of 403kg we mix first 10 minutes, and add flour and pyrophosphate and mix for another 5 minutes.

We use this type of flour:

The moisture is 14,1%, Protein 12,3%, Gluten 28,4%, ash in flour 0,67%

For soft biscuits, we don't use pre-heating.

I fire zone Top 170C Bottom 135C

II Fire zone Top 200C Bottom 165C

III Fire zone Top 190C Bottom 130C

Time of baking is between 5min 48sec to 6min to 7sec


Thank you in advance, I hope you can help me!

Really appreciate!


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