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The Collection of Technical's Articles About Biscuits, Cookies, Processes and Troubleshooting

The Collection of Technical's Articles About Biscuits, Cookies, Processes and Troubleshooting

Welcome to our collection and the main base of everything we've gathered throughout the years and, finally, summarized into this one single article. Whether you currently have a biscuit company or want to start one, the articles below can help you enhance your current performance or provide guidance on how to establish one.

Who doesn't know biscuits?

A food that has accompanied our diets for centuries. An element that over the decades has evolved into something more and more sophisticated and specific.

Who doesn't know biscuit?

biscuits, cookies

Biscuits

Brownies: a Very Popular Baked Treat

Brownies are one of the most favourite baked treats in the world, and the first brownie was created at the end of the 19th century in the USA.

Brownies: a Very Popular Baked Treat

Butter Coconut

Very popular in South East Asia. A crisp, sweet cracker with coconut flavour.

Butter Coconut

Butter Cookies

Cookies are made with a simple process: mixing, moulding and baking. Read about ingredients for delicious butter cookies

Butter Cookies

Danish Butter Cookies: Process and recipes

Danish Butter Cookies comprise five cookies, including deposited and rotary moulded cookies. They are made on dedicated lines with suitable forming, baking and packaging equipment.

Danish Butter Cookies: Process and recipes

Danish Butter Cookies

Development of a Healthy Biscuit: An Alternative Approach to Biscuit Manufacture

Obesity (BMI >30) and related health problems, including coronary heart disease (CHD), is without question a public health concern. The purpose of this study was to modify a traditional biscuit by the addition of vitamin B6, vitamin B12, Folic Acid, Vitamin C and Prebiotic fibre, while reducing salt and sugar.

Development of a Healthy Biscuit: An Alternative Approach to Biscuit Manufacture

Garibaldi Biscuits: Kids and Adults Love them Equally

A semi-sweet biscuit containing currants. It is baked in strips and may be cut into individual biscuits after cooling. 

Garibaldi Biscuits: Kids and Adults Love them Equally

Kosher Certified Biscuits

What crosses your mind when thinking of kosher? This article will give you many answers and give you a short story about the kosher market

Kosher Certified Biscuits

Kosher Certified Biscuits

Marie Biscuit Recipe and Process Guide

Marie is a classic hard sweet biscuit characterized by an even, attractive colour, texture, and good volume. Read more about them and the baking process

Marie Biscuit Recipe and Process Guide

Marshmallow Biscuits

Marshmallow - Sweet Treat was originally used in France as a medicine called Pate de Guimauve, previously in had been used by the Romans & Greeks as both a laxative & for healing wounds.

Marshmallow Biscuits

marshmallow biscuit

Rotary Moulding

Rotary moulded biscuits are essentially produced from a soft dough.

Rotary Moulding

Sandwich Biscuits

In many cases, sandwich biscuits that have been baked and cooled are subjected to further treatment in the form of coatings or sandwiching with flavoured materials.

Sandwich Biscuits

Savoury Biscuits as a Healthy Option?

Savoury biscuits are a growing category globally largely due to consumers' interest in new tastes and textures and the desire for healthy options for snacking.

Savoury Biscuits as a Healthy Option?

Savoury Biscuits

Sweet Biscuits in Eastern Europe: Cracking Their Way

One things is for certain: sweet biscuits in Eastern Europe are having a good time.

Sweet Biscuits in Eastern Europe: Cracking Their Way

Biscuit Baking Ovens, Belts and Bands

Bands

Biscuit Oven Conveyor Band

In the biscuit baking process are three major types of oven baking bands for conveying the dough pieces through the oven.

Biscuit Oven Conveyor Band

Open Wire Mesh Bands

These are the most versatile and widely used biscuit oven bands. They are suitable for crackers, hard biscuits and rotary moulded products, in fact all types of biscuits except soft cookies with high fat contents, where the dough will flow into the holes in the mesh.

Open Wire Mesh Bands

Belts

Belt Tracking In Tunnel Ovens

When operating a tunnel oven the issue of proper belt tracking will always be on the agenda and of the greatest importance for a good, smooth and trouble-free oven operation.

Belt Tracking In Tunnel Ovens

belts in tunnel ovens, belt tracking

Cotton Belts in the Biscuit Industry

Cotton belts (woven) are widely used in the biscuit baking industry, and some have been replaced by synthetic materials, but not always with positive results. 

Cotton Belts in the Biscuit Industry

Metal Detectable Conveyor & Power Transmission Belts

The future in Food Safety through Metal Detectable conveyor & power transmission belts within the Biscuit industry

Metal Detectable Conveyor & Power Transmission Belts

Solid and Perforated Steel Belts for Bake Ovens

The chemical composition, as well as the mechanical properties of the steel belts, has proven its stability and quality in thousands of bake ovens all over the world.

Solid and Perforated Steel Belts for Bake Ovens

Solid and Perforated Steel Belts for Bake Ovens

The Best Way of Cleaning a Belt is to Avoid Getting Dirty

The belt cleaning question can often be of greater importance for a bakery than price, belt tracking, maintenance, installation, etc.

The Best Way of Cleaning a Belt is to Avoid Getting Dirty

The Right Tunnel Oven Belt Supplier

With tunnel ovens being bigger projects, usually sold and bought as turn-key projects, there is an internationally active top-ten of OEMs followed by another group of somewhat smaller producers, who focus with their strategy on specific areas of the globe.

The Right Tunnel Oven Belt Supplier

The secret of a long bake oven belt life – the first part

Steel belts have been used as a conveying medium in continuously operating bake ovens for more than 90 years and their inherent strength, ruggedness and unparalleled thermal properties means that an operational life of 20 or 30 years is far from unusual.

The secret of a long bake oven belt life – the first part

The Secret of a Long Bake Oven Belt Life – Maintenance

Regular planned maintenance is key to maximizing the working life of a bake oven belt

The Secret of a Long Bake Oven Belt Life – Maintenance

Tunnel Oven Belts: Especially Z-Belts and Their Use

The rolled baking oven belt, also known in the market as Z-belt, has become the belt type for baking tunnel ovens with the greatest flexibility.

Tunnel Oven Belts: Especially Z-Belts and Their Use

z-belts

Understand Your Bake Oven Belt

When the raw material arrives to the belt manufacturing plant, it arrives like a band. Before it’s called a belt it has to undergo a number of complicated processes necessary for its future baking mission. 

Understand Your Bake Oven Belt

Ovens

Biscuit Baking Tunnel Oven

Biscuit baking ovens, generally known as tunnel ovens, are the heart of the biscuit baking process.  We hope that you will get a better idea of what tunnel oven is best for your production after reading about different heating methods.

Biscuit Baking Tunnel Oven

biscuit baking ovens

Baking Great Tasting Crackers and Biscuits Using Hybrid Tunnel Ovens

As technology improved the understanding of the baking process, oven manufacturers have modified oven designs from the early brick-and-mortar structures to highly efficient tunnel ovens using multiple forms of heat transfer in one common structure called a hybrid baking oven.

Baking Great Tasting Crackers and Biscuits Using Hybrid Tunnel Ovens

Biscuit Oven Designs

Biscuit baking ovens, generally known as tunnel ovens, have long conveyors which carry the dough pieces through a heated box section baking chamber

Biscuit Oven Designs

Calculation of oven zone lengths

How to calculate the best zone lengths for a particular oven specification with examples for two different oven types.

Calculation of oven zone lengths

Continuous Mixing Improves Oven Performance

This paper describes how continuous mixing technology is being used to significantly improve the performance of continuous mesh-band ovens, which otherwise might be replaced because of age or design. 

Continuous Mixing Improves Oven Performance

Definition of Air Ventilation Rates in Areas With Tunnel Ovens

The definition of the dominating conditions in terms of temperature and Relative humidity in areas where Tunnel Ovens are positioned had been and it would be a technical issue where controversial views are expressed. 

Definition of Air Ventilation Rates in Areas With Tunnel Ovens

air ventilation

Oven Efficiency

As energy costs increase in almost every country, the efficiency of the oven is of growing importance.

Oven Efficiency

Oven Efficiency - Comparison of Direct and Indirect Fired Ovens

The most important method of heat transfer for crackers and biscuits is radiation. Read more about the difference between Direct Gas Fired oven and Indirect Radiant ovens.

Oven Efficiency - Comparison of Direct and Indirect Fired Ovens

Oven Heat Recovery System (HRS)

The Heat Recovery System (HRS) uses the waste heat from the burner flues of an indirect fired oven. 

Oven Heat Recovery System (HRS)

Oven heat recovery system

Oven Inspection and Audit

It is recommended that each oven is given a complete inspection and audit every 12 months. The annual inspection and audit will support the preventative maintenance program and help to ensure excellent oven performance, economy and long life.

Oven Inspection and Audit

Oven Operation: Direct Gas Fired Oven

The following article is about Direct Gas Fired oven properties

Oven Operation: Direct Gas Fired Oven

Why Build the Oven Locally?

The cost of a quality imported baking oven will be approximately 40% of the total cost of a cracker line and up to 50% of the cost of a short dough biscuit line. Many international manufacturers of high-quality large ovens are located in high-cost environments, Europe, the USA, Japan, Korea. Local manufacturing offers important cost savings.

Why Build the Oven Locally?

Biscuit Baking Process

A Guide to Industrial Sponge Cake Processing

Read about process criteria in the production of sponge cake and what issues should be considered in the process.

A Guide to Industrial Sponge Cake Processing

sponge cake

Baking biscuits, Cookies, and Crackers by Infrared Radiation

Learn how to bake biscuits, cookies, and crackers with infrared radiation 

Baking biscuits, Cookies and Crackers by Infrared Radiation

Baking by Infrared Radiation

Three modes of heat transfer are used in baking biscuits: radiation, conduction and convection.The most important is infrared radiation. Read more

Baking by Infrared Radiation

Biscuit Baking Process

Read more about the whole process, the changes that take place from the dough piece to the biscuit during baking and the factors that influence the baking process and the quality of the end product.

Biscuit Baking Process

baking process

Biscuit Sandwiching Machines

This article describes the steps of forming sandwich biscuits including magazine feeds, cream feed systems, cream stencils, cookie capper machines and final sandwich cooling.

Biscuit Sandwiching Machines

Dosing and Sandwiching Technology for Macarons

French macarons, to not confuse with  "macaroons", are fine, flavored meringue cookies. The cookies are sandwiched together with a very specific and fragile aerated filling which can be ganache, buttercream or jam.

Dosing and Sandwiching Technology for Macarons

macarons

Hard Pretzels Manufacturing

Pretzels are a snack food, which have a unique, two-looped, knot shape, a hard, brittle or soft, chewy texture and a brown glossy surface color.  

Hard Pretzels Manufacturing

How to Bake Cookies and Crackers

When it comes to biscuit baking ovens, it’s not one size fits all. Tunnel ovens, popular in the 20th century,  were little more than insulated and heated cabinets through which a conveyor passed. Band ovens used today are far more sophisticated than the original ovens, however the classic definition of a tunnel, or band oven, remains as valid today as it did then.

How to Bake Cookies and Crackers

How x-ray's versatility can protect the product quality and brand reputation in the biscuit sector

X-ray technology can demonstrate even greater versatility through its ability to spot these types of quality issues. It can detect broken, undersized or missing items in packs, as well as deformed product or packaging, or items with cracks or fissures. 

How x-ray's versatility can protect the product quality and brand reputation in the biscuit sector

Low-Pressure Extrusion for Great Tasting Baked Snacks

Production parameters are proprietary to each individual factory but can generally be broken down into steps described in this article.

Low-Pressure Extrusion for Great Tasting Baked Snacks

Mechanical Emulsification

Mechanical emulsification of the fat phase, liquid phase and soluble ingredients (where desirable) will contribute to improved tolerance of the dough during processing.

Mechanical Emulsification

mechanical emulsification

Modelling of Biscuit Checking Phenomenon Using Speckle Interferometry and Semi-Coupled Finite Element Techniques

We have taken an advanced optical technique known as speckle interferometry and applied it to study the very small deformations that evolve when a biscuit is exposed to the room environment after baking.

Modelling of Biscuit Checking Phenomenon Using Speckle Interferometry and Semi-Coupled Finite Element Techniques

Process For Semi-sweet Biscuits

Examples of semi-sweet biscuits are Marie, Petit Buerre, Rich Tea, Arrowroot, Breakfast biscuits. They are characterised by an even, attractive colour with smooth surface sheen, light texture and good volume.

Process For Semi-sweet Biscuits

Process Manual for Cookies

How to make chocolate chip cookies? Process for chocolate chip cookies – short cookies with inclusions of chocolate chips or nuts.

Process Manual for Cookies

Radio Frequency Heating

Radio Frequency heaters and microwave ovens offer direct or volumetric heating. The simplest form of RF applicator consists of two metal plates that form an electrical capacitor.

Radio Frequency Heating

Sandwich Biscuits: From Cream Application to Cooling of Creamed Sandwiches

In the following article whole process of producing sandwich, biscuits is described.

Sandwich Biscuits: From Cream Application to Cooling of Creamed Sandwiches

sandwich biscuits

Secondary Processing of Biscuits

Secondary processing of biscuits adds value to finished products and contributes towards increased business profits. 

Secondary Processing of Biscuits

secondary processing of biscuits

Semi-sweet biscuits: Process and recipes

Examples of recipes and process for semi-sweet biscuits: Golden Maria, Rich Tea, Le Veritable Petit-Buerre, Petit Buerre, Tostada, Arrowroot, Harvest and Café Noir.

Semi-sweet biscuits: Process and recipes

Types of Heat Transfer

There are three modes of heat transfer: radiation, conduction and convection. All three heat transfer modes occur during biscuit baking process. 

Types of Heat Transfer

6 Types of Icing and How To Make Them

Icing makes many products more attractive to consumers. It gives a product a more impulse reaction to buy. Icings exist in many different forms, not only in name but also in application.

6 Types of Icing and How To Make Them

icing

Biscuit Dough

Dough batch mixers types

There are two principal types of batch mixers in the biscuit industry, the Vertical Spindle Mixer and the Horizontal High Speed Mixer. The other systems employed are Single Screw and Twin-Screw Continuous Mixers.

Dough batch mixers types

Dough Feed Systems for Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Production Lines

After the dough is mixed it is fed to the forming machines. The arrangement of the dough feed system will depend on the type of dough and the type of forming equipment for the particular product.

Dough Feed Systems for Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker Production Lines

Dough Mixing

There are several processes which occur during the mixing of the dough. Learn how to mix dough properly and which mixer to use considering type of your dough

Dough Mixing

Dough Mixing as Important Part of Production Process

During the mixing process, we have to attempt to utilise the structure forming properties of gluten to the full, but, at the same time, we have to overcome an undesirable toughening tendency to which gluten i.e. susceptible.

Dough Mixing as Important Part of Production Process

dough mixing

Dough piece forming: Biscuit Cutting Machine

Forming a continuous dough sheet and then cutting the dough pieces to the required size and shape and printing the design on the surface of the dough pieces is a traditional and common method of forming the dough for a wide variety of biscuits. 

Dough piece forming: Biscuit Cutting Machine

Hard Biscuit Dough Rheology

Rheology is the study of the manner in which materials respond to applied stress or strain. Basic rheological properties of any material are: strength (solidity), viscosity, elasticity, plasticity.

Hard Biscuit Dough Rheology

Biscuit types

The Biscuits

What are different types of biscuits?  Biscuits broadly fall into four categories: crackers, hard sweet biscuits, short dough biscuits, cookies (including filled cookies).

The Biscuits

Wafers

Consumer Acceptance and Preference Of New Chocolate and Vanilla-Flavoured Wafer Products

A study on consumer preference and acceptance towards buying reformulated wafers.

Consumer Acceptance and Preference Of New Chocolate and Vanilla-Flavoured Wafer Products

chocolate afer, vanilla wafer, koestlin

Enzymes in Wafer Processing

The optimization of the dosage of wafer enzymes is simpler than for other baking application. 

Enzymes in Wafer Processing

Wafer Ingredients - The processing of flat wafers (1/7):

Learn more about all the facets of flat wafer processing and details regarding the necessary wafer ingredients

Wafer Ingredients - The processing of flat wafers (1/7):

The processing of flat wafers (2/7): Pre-baking processes

This is second of seven installments covering all the facets of flat wafer processing, which discusses details regarding the necessary pre-baking processes

The processing of flat wafers (2/7): Pre-baking processes

The processing of flat wafers (3/7): Baking specifications

This is third of seven installments covering all the facets of flat wafer processing, which discusses details regarding the necessary baking specifications

The processing of flat wafers (3/7): Baking specifications

 

The processing of flat wafers (4/7): Baking plates I.

This is the fourth of seven installments covering all the facets of flat wafer processing, which discusses details regarding the very important issue of baking plates.

The processing of flat wafers (4/7): Baking plates I.

The processing of flat wafers (5/7): Baking plates II.

This is the fifth of seven installments covering all the facets of flat wafers processing, which continues discussing details regarding the very important issue of baking plates.

The processing of flat wafers (5/7): Baking plates II.

The processing of Flat Wafers (6/7): Post Baking Procedures

This is the sixth of seven installments covering all the facets of flat wafer processing, which continues discussing details regarding post-baking procedures.

The processing of Flat Wafers (6/7): Post Baking Procedures

The Processing of Flat Wafers (7/7): Cooling, Cutting and Conditioning

This article continues dicussing details regarding post-baking procedures, specifically cooling, cutting and conditioning

The Processing of Flat Wafers (7/7): Cooling, Cutting and Conditioning

The Crispiest Wafer, Grist, Recipe and Method

The essential ingredients for success in molded en-robed wafer products is a Grist that will withstand the rigorous automatic production machinery, and give a crisp wafer with a pleasant flavor and bite.

The Crispiest Wafer, Grist, Recipe and Method

Crackers

Checking in Crackers

Checking is a phenomenon which occurs when small hairline cracks develop in biscuits and crackers. 

Checking in Crackers

checking in crackers

Cream Cracker Faults & Remedies

What can be problematic in Cream Cracker making and how can we fix it?

Cream Cracker Faults & Remedies

Process Manual for Vegetable Crackers

This article provides the complete information required to make vegetable crackers. 

Process Manual for Vegetable Crackers

Sesame Crackers

How to make sesame crackers? The complete process, a different version of a recipe, critical ingredients and sesame seed application.

Sesame Crackers

sesame crackers

Snack Crackers

This article brings comprehensive insights about the snack crackers.

Snack Crackers

The Lamination Process in Fermented Crackers

In this feature, we will look at fermented cracker production and the influence of lamination on this process.

The Lamination Process in Fermented Crackers

Three Layer Crackers

This article describes the complete process about how to make three layer crackers.

Three Layer Crackers

Ingredients

Acrylamide Awareness

Insights on the acrylamide in food. What is it and why are there measures for reducing it in production?

Acrylamide Awareness

Acrylamide Explained

Acrylamide is a compound that can be created during the baking process of in particular grain and potato based products. The discovery in 2002 that some cooked foods contain Acrylamide attracted significant attention to its possible biological effects.

Acrylamide Explained

acrylamide, awareness, explanation

Acrylamide in Fried and Baked Food

Acrylamide is a chemical that can form in carbohydrate rich foods during high-temperature cooking processes, such as frying, roasting, and baking. 

Acrylamide in Fried and Baked Food

Development of off-Flavours in biscuits

Unpleasant flavours develop as a result of oxidation particularly of fats.

Development of off-Flavours in biscuits

Emulsifiers in the baking industry

Surface active agents are chemical materials which alter the surface properties of the material they contact.

Emulsifiers in the baking industry

Enzymes as Alternative to Sodium Metabisulfite

The following text summarizes considerations for the use and replacement of SMBS and gives an example how to reduce or omit this chemical in a given formula.

Enzymes as Alternative to Sodium Metabisulfite

enzymes, alternative to sodium metabisulfite, sodium metabisulfite

Fats for Biscuits

In biscuits fat (or margarine) is one of the main ingredients besides flour and sugar.

Fats for Biscuits

fats for biscuits, margarine, palm oil

High Protein Cookies

Incorporation of different cereal (i.e., wheat flour, soya flour, pea flour) will enrich the nutritional value of the cookies. These types of baked products can go a long way in supplying the required quantities of dietary fiber and protein.

High Protein Cookies

How to get the best flour for your biscuits

One of the principle ingredients for biscuits is wheat flour. First of all, let us define which is the best flour for making biscuits, the answer is simple: the best flour is constant flour.

How to get the best flour for your biscuits

How to Make Healthy Biscuits

This article looks at what you can do to reduce the salt, fats in biscuits and sugar content of biscuits, and how to boost the level of fibre.

How to Make Healthy Biscuits

Improving the Nutritional Profile of Biscuits – Part 1

There are many challenges to improve the nutritional profile of our diet, including a reduction in fat and sugar content and enhancement of fibre.

Improving the Nutritional Profile of Biscuits – Part 1

reduction of fat, improving the nutritional profile

Improving the Nutritional Profile of Biscuits – Part 2

This article will look at ways to reduce the sugar content of biscuit cream fillings. In subsequent articles, we will discuss routes to reduce the sugar content and increase the fibre content of biscuits.

Improving the Nutritional Profile of Biscuits – Part 2

Ingredients for Biscuits

The main ingredients in the biscuits making process are flours, sugars and fats. To these ingredients, various small ingredients may be added for leavening, flavour and texture.

Ingredients for Biscuits

ingredients for biscuits, flours, sugars, fats

Ingredient Storage and Handling

Ingredients used in baking industry have different characteristic and require special environment for storage and there are different ways in handling with them.

Ingredient Storage and Handling

Introduction to Flavours

76% of biscuit consumers rank taste as the most important factor when buying biscuits.

Introduction to Flavours

Leavening of Cookies and Crackers

Here it is to distinguishing between non-chemical and chemical leaveners. Learn more about their function

Leavening of Cookies and Crackers

leavening of cookies and crackers, non-chemical and chemical leaveners

Milk Ingredients in Cereal Products

In this article, we are going to talk about milk as one of the most prominent ingredients not just in the biscuit industry, but the food industry as well. 

Milk Ingredients in Cereal Products

Mineral oil hydrocarbons: Impact on biscuits

The presence of mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH) is seen as a cross-contaminant issue related primarily to migration from food contact material, but also the intentional and authorized uses of certain additives contribute to the exposure to mineral oils. 

Mineral oil hydrocarbons: Impact on biscuits

The Functional Properties of Sugar in Biscuits

Sugar is a major ingredient for biscuits used in various types of biscuits, apart from imparting a sweet taste it also serves various functional properties in the processing of the biscuit dough as well in the structural and organoleptic properties of the baked biscuits.

The Functional Properties of Sugar in Biscuits

sugar, major ingredient, main ingredient

Overall Equipment Effectiveness 

Automated OEE, Industry 4.0

When implementing an automatic OEE system you have made the first step into the Industry 4.0 world of interconnectivity, remote observation, remote support.

Automated OEE, Industry 4.0

How to Start Measuring OEE and Define What and Where Are Your Problems?

How to start measuring OEE and what you can do with these numbers to improve the output of your line.

How to Start Measuring OEE and Define What and Where Are Your Problems?

measuring OEE, overal equipment effectivness

What Can OEE - Overall Equipment Effectiveness - Do for You?

The first question is: where do we stand? Is our performance poor medium or good, and the next is, where can we improve?

What Can OEE - Overall Equipment Effectiveness - Do for You?

Where to Start Mending: 5S and TPM - What Can OEE Do for You?

In this article we want to introduce TPM and 5S as the methodology to improve the performance of your production line, resulting in a higher OEE. 

Where to Start Mending: 5S and TPM - What Can OEE Do for You?

Where to Start With the Overall Equipment Effectiveness?

If there are more than 1 production lines, I suggest calculating for each one which is the actual OEE. Which line has the highest profitability, which line must be prioritized? Now concentrate on that line only.

Where to Start With the Overall Equipment Effectiveness?

Packaging & Storage

How to Find the Optimal Packaging for Your Product

Packaging is one of the largest cost factors. Developing the optimal combination of pack style and material is a challenge.

How to Find the Optimal Packaging for Your Product

Steps to Determining Packaging

In order to determine what packaging should be used, first consider the type of product that you are producing. 

Steps to Determining Packaging

packaging, determin packaging

The types of the silos

The most common silos types - Storage and dosing of bulk materials in bakeries

The types of the silos

Total Cost of Ownership on Packaging Machinery

Packaging machinery negotiations are usually based on technical specification, financial condition and price. Supplier references and reputation, as well as financial solidity and engineering capability to meet customer expectation, are important as pre-conditions for decision makers.

Total Cost of Ownership on Packaging Machinery

Setting up a bakery

Bakery Business Plan

How to Start a Bakery Business? Setting up a bakery: Products and Bakery Business Plan.

Bakery Business Plan

Equipment Needed for the Test Bakery

If a baker wants to develop new products and to successfully modify formulations as ingredient costs alter, to check and develop the manufacturing processes he or she should have a well-equipped laboratory and test bakery.

Equipment Needed for the Test Bakery

Setting up a bakery - Equipment Selection

The third article focuses on equipment choices when setting up a bakery.

Setting up a bakery - Equipment Selection

Setting up a Bakery: Product Portfolio and Product Designs

This series will cover a various topics around setting up a Bakery, and in particular an industrial size factory making bakery products.

Setting up a Bakery: Product Portfolio and Product Designs

Shelf-life

External factors influencing shelf life of bakery products

This is where we covered the external factors in relation to microbiological spoilage: temperature, humidity, atmosphere and bacterial competition.

External factors influencing shelf life of bakery products

Internal factor influencing shelf life of bakery products

This article will focus on the internal factors that influence microorganisms and thus shelf life of bakery products

Internal factor influencing shelf life of bakery products

Shelf Life - Introduction

This article is going to give you an answer: What is the shelf life of food and its meaning? Importance of shelf life and what can impact on prolonged shelf-life?

Shelf Life - Introduction

shelf life

The Hurdle Technology: Shelf life part 4

This article is the fourth in a series about shelf life, where we predominantly focus on the microbiological part of spoilage of bakery products.

The Hurdle Technology: Shelf life part 4

Other

Airports as One of the Fastest Developing Brand Touchpoints

The airport retail is a fast-growing, nuanced and insightful sector, where creativity, communication, emotional intelligence, cultural differences & subtleties, and market distinctions play a huge role for brands and their sales and marketing excellence.

Airports as One of the Fastest Developing Brand Touchpoints

Biscuit Design and Output

The design of the cutting rolls and moulding rolls and dies for deposited cookies determine the pattern of dough pieces on the oven band.  

Biscuit Design and Output

Buying a Production Line for Biscuits, Cookies and Crackers

6 Things You Should Consider Before Buying a Production Line for Biscuits, Cookies and Crackers

Buying a Production Line for Biscuits, Cookies and Crackers

B2B eCommerce - The Time is Now

In the past decade, we have seen a real transformation in retail, with eCommerce channel becoming not just one of sales channels but a main channel for many. 

B2B eCommerce - The Time is Now

b2b ecommerce

Center Lining and SMED

We do want to go into the issue of center lining and quick change-over, SMED

Center Lining and SMED

Challenges to Management

Only knowledgeable people will be able to support management’s effort to improve the performance. Management can set goals, but the production team must realize this. It requires knowledge to be able to be creative in finding solutions for problems.

Challenges to Management

management

Climate Change - Energy for Biscuit Baking

The combustion of natural gas is a major source of greenhouse gases which are causing climate change. This has become a major concern throughout the world. This situation makes it essential that we seek ways to reduce the carbon footprint of the biscuit baking industry.

Climate Change - Energy for Biscuit Baking

Energy for Biscuit Baking

Countries where electricity was the main energy source, for example, China and countries where diesel oil was used for example India and the Middle East now use gas as the lowest cost energy source.

Energy for Biscuit Baking

energy for biscuit baking, diesel oil, gas, lowest cost energy source

Finished Product Specifications – Critical Documents for Successful Businesses

This article describes why product specifications are essential business documents, how they are constructed and populated, and how they are controlled and applied. It also lists some common mistakes made when attempting to create documents.

Finished Product Specifications – Critical Documents for Successful Businesses

Introduction of Biscuit Industry in West and Central Africa

In generally most of the west and central African population, used biscuits as breakfast rather than snack for teatime.  Eating pattern varies depends on the countries mainly most of the school student use as their breakfast and some use as snack during the working hours.

Introduction of Biscuit Industry in West and Central Africa

Investment Analysis in Decision Making

Financial Analysis should be made, based on the residual value of the current equipment, as well as the benefits that the investment upon a new line would be gained by the Enterprise.

Investment Analysis in Decision Making

Line Weight Management in Moulding Unit

Nowadays to get optimum fuel efficiency, productivity, and better output most of the companies selecting higher width moulding unit which starts from 1mt to 2mt.

Line Weight Management in Moulding Unit

Potato Chips

A variety of snacks based on potato flakes and modified starch

Potato Chips

R&D: In house or outsourced

As it is possible that not all new launches will necessarily succeed in the market, so using outsource R&D could reduce the risk of high assets and elevated fixed cost and also the possibility of no completion success.

R&D: In house or outsourced

Securing Children's Health: Infant Rusks

There are two main types of commercial weaning foods, cereal porridge and infant rusk. The rusk has many advantages. It is a dry piece product, like a biscuit, and is resistant to microbiological contamination.

Securing Children's Health: Infant Rusks

Setting Up Pilot Plant Facilities for Biscuits – Crackers

It has been a common sense that both set ups are requiring a well organized in-house Pilot Plant Unit, preventing the Enterprise from constant stoppages of regular production, especially when new products are relying within a conceptual base.

Setting Up Pilot Plant Facilities for Biscuits – Crackers

pilot plant facilities

Smart Cost Optimization in Biscuit Manufacturing

Biscuit manufacturing companies find themselves today under pressure due to increasingly complex environment, both internal as well as external, which requires innovative approaches to provide continuous improvements of quality, efficiency and cost optimization.

Smart Cost Optimization in Biscuit Manufacturing

Sweet biscuits premiumisation: The case for ancient grains

In its 2017 Megatrends flagship analysis that highlighted the key demand drivers across FMCG categories in the next decades, Euromonitor International emphasized premiumization as one of the eight main forces affecting consumer behavior.

Sweet biscuits premiumisation: The case for ancient grains

The Biscuit Industry Carbon Footprint

The biscuit industry now uses gas as the fuel for baking in almost every country. Natural gas is widely available and economic. However, this gives our industry a large carbon footprint.  

The Biscuit Industry Carbon Footprint

carbon footprint, using gas as a fuel

The maintenance plan has to be respected and executed

Service ... or mechanics, electricians and software ... commissioning engineers or technicians, such as burning technician, are often called at the last second, desperate phone calls from the customer because the oven or line from days of production suddenly stops, sending alarms that cannot be reset or worse still need spare parts unavailable in the short time.

The maintenance plan has to be respected and executed

Training and Education

Humans are the only beings that require years of training and education to be able to function in this world. What OEE Can do for you?

Training and Education

training, education, employees

Why ‘Medium’ Should Mean No Compromise on Performance

The word ‘medium’ can often suggest an element of compromise, whether that be ‘taking the middle course’ in a discussion, or asking for a steak that is neither rare nor well-done.

Why ‘Medium’ Should Mean No Compromise on Performance

Related Article:

>The Complete Collection of Biscuit Types

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