We are releasing the complete collection of all the biscuits that we have covered over the years. Our idea for these articles was that you could use them as quick reference points for navigating the various articles on our site. We will update these collections accordingly so that you always have access to up-to-date information for your research.
Biscuits are small, flat, thin pieces of pastry that are baked to a low moisture content. The difference between the terms cookie and biscuit is that a cookie is a sweet, small, chunky biscuit type, baked to a low moisture content and with a long shelf life.
The two terms can also be two name variations of the same types of biscuits. This depends on where you live. Cookies are most commonly baked until crisp or just long enough that they remain soft, but some types of biscuit are not baked at all.
Aachener biscuit types are traditional German biscuits, also called Lebkuchen. It originates from Aachen City, Germany. The Aachen biscuits look a lot like traditional English gingerbread types of biscuits. Honey is one of their main ingredients.
The term Aachener Printen is a protected term. Therefore, all Aachener biscuits are distributed from the city of Aachen. The name Aachener was derived from the German city where this type of biscuit was created. Printen, on the other hand, has several different definitions.
Macaroons, not to be confused with “macarons”, are American types of the famous French biscuit. Besides their name, they don't have a lot of things in common. Coconuts became popular in the nineteenth century, thanks to the Indian imports. Bakers used them to rewrite the macaron recipe.
Traditional, liquorice-flavoured types of cookies are a perfect treat for anyone wishing to get a taste of Italian cuisine. The main ingredient of Anisette cookies is, as the name implies, Anise.
Not only are they tasty and a delight for holiday festivities, they are also profoundly beneficial for your health, as its main ingredient aids digestion, so it is good for your overall health. They also go very well with Anisse, a traditional Italian liquor.
Photo By Brittny/Shutterstock.com
Arrowroot has been used for many different applications. For example, it can be used as a healthier alternative to corn-starch. It is most recognizable in its powdered form. It is also prominently used for baking different types of biscuits.
There is a theory that its name is a misspelling of the name given to the root used by the native Americans, the “Aru-root.”
Ever heard of the DeBaufre bakeries? Berger cookies are their exclusive products. Berger cookies are type of cookies topped with thick layers of chocolate fudge. They are made according to traditional German recipes and they are very famous.
The Berger cookies are so famous in fact, that they’ve won numerous taste awards over the years. This is mostly due to the delicious thick chocolate frosting on top of these cookie types. One of the most notable rewards the DeBaufre bakery has won is the “Best of Baltimore 2011” award.
Brandy snaps are a popular snack or dessert food in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand and Christopher Jon Thomas are believed to have introduced them. Typically 10 centimeters (3.9 in) long and 2 centimeters (0.79 in) in diameter, they are often tubular, brittle, sweet, baked casings. In general, brandy snaps are served filled with whipped cream.
The main and most usual recipe includes a mixture of golden syrup, flour, ginger, cream, sugar, butter, and lemon juice. A variation on the recipe includes bicarbonate of soda, egg and self-raising flour instead. The snaps are cooked on a moderate heat and are baked briefly as a flat disc that is then rolled while still hot and soft. The whipped cream can be sweetened with brandy or vanilla.
Butter Cookies (which are also known as Danish cookies and Sables) are a type of cookies usually categorized as crisp cookies because of their texture. Butter cookies are also called sweet biscuits in other parts of the world, in reference to the sugar content. They are usually sold in cookie tins, which every Slavic grandma likes to use for storing sewing kits.
Butter types of cookies have no flavouring. This is so that they can maintain their buttery taste. However, there are commercial butter cookies in chocolate, vanilla and coconut flavours. There are also butter cookies that are prepared with sugar crystals on top.
These cookies sounds funny, don’t they? Like a certain kind of a water-bird… the butter pe(li)can cookies! Another terrible pun, I know… but having to bear with a terrible pun here and there is not a high price to pay for such an informative article as this one, am I right? Well… it might be for some. After all, “dad joke” humour is not for everyone.
What are these? Well, pecan cookies are a kind of very soft, crumbly types of cookies containing pecan, which is a type of nut, hence its name! It has both sweet and salty aromas, so if you, for any reason, cannot decide whether you’d like a sweet or a salty snack, these cookie types are perfect for you!
The bourbon biscuit… what is it? It is a type of biscuits sandwich created by combining two chocolate flavoured biscuits with a chocolate butter-cream filling. It goes great with tea and is adored by many.
These types of biscuits derive their name from a contraction of two names: Bourneville and Bonn. The significance of these two names can be discovered in the full article, along with a biography of its creator.
Photo By: Daniele Carotenuto/Shutterstock.com
There is no difference between biscotti and cantuccini. All biscuits are called biscotti in Italian, and the word “biscotti” means “twice-cooked”. They are often made with almonds and are perfect to match with wine.
Many special types of biscuits belong to Italian cuisine, but the focus of this article is on one – cantuccini biscuits, you will have the opportunity to learn their origin, history, makers, and interesting facts.
You don’t have to say goodbye to your favourite food. For example, you could enjoy the delicious looking and tasting cookie rolls without feeling guilty. What are they, you ask? Well, cookie rolls are crisp types of cookies (they can also be wafers) that are very sweet. Sounds basic, doesn’t it? So, what’s the catch?
Well, just as their names would suggest, cookie rolls are rolled so as to have a hollow centre. This way of preparation opens up loads of possibilities for experimentation. And if you wish to know what kinds of experiments, then we highly suggest reading the full article.
Cornish fairings are traditional, spicy ginger types of biscuits from Cornwall, UK. The Cornish Fairings are ginger biscuits given to children. Men also give these as gifts to their better halves.
Originally, Cornish Fairings were sold as souvenirs at English fairs. Fairing types of biscuit vary per region. For instance, in the north, they were simple, decorated Easter Paste eggs. In the Victorian times, the most popular version of the Cornish Fairings were the spiced ginger biscuits.
Coyotas are large and flat sugar types of cookies with an interesting name, which are traditionally filled with brown sugar. These types of cookies originate from El Fuerte, Sinaloa, 19th century Mexico.
The term Coyota means a Mestiza or a daughter of Indigne (or a girl of mixed Spanish and Indian heritage). In Spanish it means “dark skinned, sweet and full of grace”.
Although Coyotas originate from Mexico, they are now baked and enjoyed all over the world. In the United Kingdom, these modern-day empanadas have been enjoyed since at least 1862. If you live in the United States, you can purchase these cookies in Tucson bakeries and almost all Mexican supermarkets.
Here we present you with a true cookie classic – Chinese almond cookies! But don’t be fooled by their name. These delicious cookie types can be found all over the world, in various bakeries and supermarkets.
There are many similar almond types of cookies which can be mistaken for the Chinese variant. Some of these are: Spanish almendrados, qurabiya (shortbread biscuits made with almonds) and Turkish acıbadem kurabiyesi.
Ah, yes… the classic, beloved chocolate chip cookie types! We all love movies, don’t we? Well, not all of us, but I’m sure the majority do. Remember all those old Hollywood family movies? There would always be a scene where an old granny would bake these types of cookies, then her grandchildren would come, and they would eat these by the fireplace while drinking milk.
The interesting thing about this type of cookies is that they were created out of necessity, rather than pure experimentation. A baker by the name of Ruth Graves Wakefield was lacking a necessary ingredient for her recipe, so she used chocolate chip cookies instead. And the rest, is history…
Custard cream are types of biscuits that are well-known in Britain. They are similar to biscuit sandwiches. They sport a creamy, custard-flavoured filling placed between two biscuits.
The custard cream originates from twentieth-century England. The design of the biscuits is quite Victorian, with baroque markings such as Victorian. These biscuits are also very popular in Ireland.
Probably one of the most popular types of biscuits in the UK, digestive biscuits are a semi-sweet variety, made from coarse whole-wheat flour. The biscuit is firm, soft and crumbly.
The biscuit owns its name to the main leavening agent used in its production - baking soda. In the past, sodium bicarbonate was used to ease indigestion problems. As such, digestive biscuits have the same healthy properties. The name stuck and is used for the biscuits today.
I would bet my right arm right now that you’ve heard about these types of cookies at least once in your life! If not, well… that’s okay, but now it’s going to be much harder to write this article. Come on, don’t roll your eyes like that. You’ve got to “hand” it to me that that was a great pun!
Okay, sorry for that (not sorry). But you’ve got to admit that these types of cookies are very famous, and for good reason! They are crisp, thin wafers which are hollow on the inside. Inside this hollow space is a piece of paper with a maxim written on which tells you your fortune.
Types of biscuits that we call fig rolls are proof that not everything is about cream filling (when it comes to biscuit types). Biscuits can be as good when they are combined with fruit; in this case - figs. This delicacy has global fame, but did you know it dates back to ancient Egypt?
The fig (ingredient) has been around for a long time, and it was just a matter of time until people realised they could make a delicious type of biscuit out of it. The fig roll has all the goodness of figs and the convenience of conventional biscuits.
Ginger biscuit types are English goodies and very popular snacks. They are flavoured with powdered ginger, with hints of other spices like cinnamon and nutmeg.
The ginger types of biscuits are not to be mistaken with gingerbread! The former is a hard type of biscuit, while the latter is thicker and softer. Ginger biscuit types are also called ginger nuts. Ginger biscuits are popular in countries like the UK, New Zealand, the Isle of Man and Australia.
As their name implies, the gingerbread biscuits are types of biscuits that use ginger as their main ingredient. Other ingredients include molasses and honey, which is very healthy for the human body. What has earned this type of biscuit its global popularity, though, is its characteristic taste.
The term gingerbread is borrowed from the old French term gingimbrat or gingembras, which was in turn borrowed from medieval Latin term gingiber. Gingerbread now translates to pain d’espices, which is French for “spice bread” and lebkuchen – German for “pepper biscuit”.
Hardtacks are hard, square types of biscuits that are made from flour and water. They are also called pilot biscuits, pilot bread, sea biscuits and ship biscuits.
Since they are very dry, they can be stored for longer periods of time without refrigeration. That, combined with the fact that they are easy to make, is one of the main reasons sailors and soldiers used them as rations. They would dip them in tea of coffee to soften them up. They are also light and can replace bread.
Jammie Dodgers are popular types of biscuits in the UK and are made from short bread and raspberry jam. These types of biscuits have been enjoyed by the British for over fifty years. With short bread on the outside and raspberry flavoured jam on the inside, they are a true delight.
Burton’s Biscuit Company is the only company producing these biscuits. The Jamie Dodgers were listed as the most popular biscuit brand for children in the UK, in 2009.
These are not… cookie types made from actual lady fingers, thank God. But who in their right mind would name them so? Well, once you see them, it kind of becomes apparent why the name “lady finger cookies”.
You see, these types of cookies are shaped like a lady’s finger. You can check out the picture below to see for yourself. They are very popular in England and are possibly the oldest type of sponge cake there is! They hail from eleventh century France, but there are many stories of how they came to be.
And if you are a wine connoisseur, then you’ll just adore these types of cookies with a glass of good, quality wine. The lady finger type of cookies also go well with cocktails, so they are a great snack at cocktail parties.
The number one exporter of the Lebkuchen cookies across the world is the city of Nuremberg. The city’s long tradition of Lebkuchen production dates back to the Middle Ages, to around the thirteenth century. Today, the term “Nuremberg Lebkuchen” is protected by law, so if you come across any cookies bearing that name, you can rest assured that they are authentic and come from Nuremberg.
But how did Nuremberg become the number one exporter of Lebkuchen cookies? Well, the city owes its status as the largest Lebkuchen exporter to the fact that it is located on the crossroads of several ancient and important trade routes.
Macarons (which are not to be confused with macaroons!) are semi-sweet meringue-based types of cookies made out of egg whites, icing sugar, granulated sugar, almond powder or ground almond, and of course, food colouring!
Macarons are airy types of cookies that come in a variety of colours. Charles Spence, head of the Crossmodal Research Laboratory at Oxford University, points out that, more than fifty percent of our cortical real estate is dedicated to perception - only two percent is given over to taste faculties. In other words, perception affects the taste of our food.
Marie Biscuits are types of biscuits which are very sweet and quite similar to English Rich tea biscuits. Marie types of biscuit are popular in almost every country around the globe. Marie Biscuits are round in shape and its name is imprinted in the centre of the biscuit, with intricate designs on the edges. They were, however, originally called Maria.
One of the most popular variations of marshmallow treats is the chocolate-coated version. The variation actually depends on the various coatings used, which range from liquorice, chocolate, candy sprinkles et cetera.
There are different names given to these marshmallow treats. This candy confection originates from the land of Egypt. It bears the name “marshmallow treat” because the result is a great treat for everyone.
Melomakarona are honey and nut Greek cookies. The modern melomakarona biscuits are festive treats, it seems that their history is rooted in conflict and mourning. It is important to note that their origin dates back to fifth century B.C. a whole five centuries before Christ, whose birth we celebrate on Christmas day!
Photo: By stella/shutterstock.com
If you love Japanese delicacies, then these types of biscuits are perfect for you! Monaka biscuits are made from azuki bean jam-filling which are sandwiched between two thin wafers. The wafers are made from wochi flour.
Azuki bean (or red mung bean) is an annual vine known for its small beans which can be found in East Asia. Mochi, however, is a Japanese rice-cake made from mochigome, a short-grain rice. Monaka biscuit types can also be made with sesame seeds, chestnuts, or almost any other ingredient in a paste form.
Indian Nankhatai biscuits are dried types of biscuits with a tradition and history stretching back to the sixteenth century. Nankhatai is also one of the main treats during the Diwali festival where people celebrate the victory of light over darkness. Many bakers prepare and sell their Nankhatai biscuits on the streets during these festivities.
Modern-day people lead very busy lifestyles. This can take its toll on a person’s well-being, so it is important to remember to relax sometimes, put everything aside and enjoy some peace and quiet. One good way to do so is with a cup of tea and some biscuits. This is a favourite pastime for many people across the world. If you are one of them, then you might appreciate the simplicity of the Indian Nankhatai biscuits.
Oatmeal brings many health benefits, so why not try it in the form of cookies? Satisfy your cravings for something sweet and nourish your body at the same time. Most people refuse to try such types of cookies, as they believe they’re not that tasty, but this is not true.
Almost every person in this world has his “guilty pleasure” – which is perfectly fine! Why not turn these types of cookies into your “guilty pleasure”. Your body will thank you for it. Not only will you be fit, you’ll also be healthy.
Paprenjaci (or black pepper cookies) are a traditional Croatian type of cookies. Their uniqueness comes from the mixture of honey and black pepper, as the name implies.
While their origin is unclear, the earliest records show that they existed even in the sixteenth century, with some saying they go back as early as the thirteenth century. The combination of honey and black pepper (from which this type of cookie got its name) might seem odd, but black pepper cookies proved to be a delicious treat and healthy treat.
The Sicilian pasticcini di mandorle, is a great little type of cookie for any occasion, really. They can be used as everyday snacks, for holidays and any other type of gathering.
They also make for great gifts, and their simplicity enables you to add your own ingredients and ideas to the mix. They can also be decorated in any way you want, making for some delicious looking treats. Not to mention that almonds are very healthy and good for your body!
Just like its cousin, the chocolate chip cookie, the peanut butter cookie is another example of a great type of cookie. While we love these types of cookies equally, one could argue that it comes second only to the chocolate chip cookie, which still makes it a wonderful treat.
And just like the chocolate chip cookie, it came out of necessity. You see, peanut butter cookies are an American invention that date back to the early 1900s. Back then, animal lard and butter were used to bake cookies, but they became scarce, so bakers had to resort to other ingredients. Peanuts were abundant, and soon, peanut butter was created, and in turn, peanut butter cookies.
They might not be for everyone, depending on how much somebody loves peanuts. But they are a great and easy treat to make for those who do.
The name Petit Beurre originates from France and the company that invented them is named ''LU''. The LU stands for: ''little butter'' and their appearance has an interesting story related to time.
You’ve probably eaten these types of biscuits during your childhoods. If you want to relive it, and learn some interesting facts about the biscuits in the process, read the full article.
Pizzelles are the oldest known cookie and originated in the mid-section of Italy. They were made many years ago for the “Festival of the Snakes” also known as the “Feast Day of San Domenico” in the village of Colcullo in the Italian region of Abruzzo. This village in Italy that was once overrun with snakes, and they were chased out. Afterwards the village celebrated with pizzelle. Sweet bread pancakes, know as pizzelles, are sold in an auction, to receive the offers of the faithful: they will be on show during the procession with the statue of the saint enveloped by live snakes
Photo by: leungchopan/Shutterstock.com
The pretzel has a very distinct appearance, that of a loose knot. The pretzel is basically a salty cracker, however, by tweaking the original recipe one can create tasty types of biscuit.
The most widespread explanation behind their etymology is that pretzels draw their name from the German word Brezel, which also derives from the Latin word bracellus or bracchium. These biscuit types are shaped as folded arms, just like the name suggests.
Rich tea types of biscuit are a variety of sweet biscuits whose ingredients include wheat flour, vegetable oil, sugar and malt extract. These biscuits are popular in the United Kingdom.
Their plain flavour makes them really good dunking-biscuits. They were originally called Tea Biscuits and were developed in seventeenth-century Yorkshire for the British aristocracy. It has been said that the McVitie’s brand tastes like Britain itself, just like the nation’s past and future.
This traditional type of biscuit has most-likely been made by Jewish immigrants that once settled in Ohio. Russian tea biscuits even look like a bigger version of a traditional Jewish cookie – rugelach.
In the eighteenth century, Russian tea cakes gained popularity during tea ceremonies. By the twentieth century they spread over the world, becoming a traditional part of Christmas festivities around the globe.
Scones are classics. They never go out of style. They are perfect for any occasion and any time of day.
A scone falls under the bread/cake category. It is heavier than a muffin but thicker than flat bread, however. This biscuit type originates from the UK. It is usually combined with Devonshire tea, light meals, creams or jams.
We are sure that, when we mention a certain food, a specific country instantly comes to your mind. Is there anything that comes to your mind when you hear the word “Brazil”? If not, after reading this article it surely will!
Shortbread types of biscuits are sweet, crumbly biscuits from Scotland. Today, they are a popular Christmas treat, enjoyed all over the world.
Shortbread biscuit types are sweet, dense and rich in flavour. Bakers like to make them, as they are easy to both bake and distribute. Legend has it that shortbread biscuits originate from eighteenth century Scotland. Shortbread types of biscuits are also considered by some to be the UK's greatest biscuit.
Photo: Martin Rettenberger/Shutterstock.com
Snickerdoodle types of biscuits are types of biscuits made from butter/oil, sugar and flour. They are also rolled in cinnamon sugar. Snickerdoodles are characterized by cracked surfaces and can be crisp or soft (depending on the ingredients).
Snickerdoodles are often called sugar biscuits. However, there is one key ingredient to them – tartar cream. It seems weird but it works perfectly. It makes the biscuits chewy. Another difference between snickerdoodles and sugar types of biscuits is the topping – cinnamon.
Speculaas are Dutch types of biscuits that are very popular in other countries as well. Speculaas are served on the eve of St. Nicholas’ Day and during Christmas season.
Some people say that the name Speculaas is taken from the Latin term speculum, which means mirror. There could be a connection because the Speculaas are moulded and decorated using wooden stamps with imprinted images.
Springerle biscuits are traditional Christmas treats in areas such as Bavaria and Austria. Springerle are white, anise-flavoured types of biscuits, made from simple egg-flour-sugar dough.
They are usually rectangular or circular in shape. They also have different designs stamped on them. The images are imprinted with specially-carved rolling pins or flat moulds. After these types of biscuits are made, the designs are enhanced with edible food-colours.
The Toruń gingerbread is a very famous and loved type of biscuit. It has a long and rich history filled with interesting facts, tales and legends.
Tradition is important. It is important to keep it alive, in order to honour those who came before us and preserve some of their values. However, sometimes it is important to keep tradition alive simply because it is so incredibly tasty! The Toruń gingerbread, a gingerbread named after the city of Toruń, the place of its origin, is a traditional Polish types of biscuit with a history stretching back to the Middle Ages.
Photo: Museum of Toruń Gingerbread, department of District Museum in Toruń, photographer: Krzysztof Deczyński
Vanillekipferl are small crescent-shaped types of biscuits, which are very popular in Middle-European countries. They are usually made with ground hazelnuts or almonds. Their typical flavour is due to vanilla sugar that is dusted on top.
The Vanillekipferl biscuit types are shaped like half-moons. They are usually served during Christmas season. They are easy to make and ideal as mid-afternoon snacks or for dieters.
Viennese whirls are sandwich types of biscuits made from two shortbread biscuits glued together by raspberry jam and butter-cream. They go rather well with tea.
Even though Viennese whirls sound like they should originate from Austria, they were actually created in modern day UK. They were inspired by Austrian types of biscuits though. That is where their name comes from. Viennese Whirls were popularised by Mr. Kipling.
Wafer biscuits are crisp, thin, sweet and flat types of biscuits that are used to decorate ice cream. Wafers are also used together with chocolate bars to enhance their taste.
The small round flatbreads that are used by Christian churches for celebrating the Eucharist are also called wafers. The Holy Wafer is the large type of biscuit taken by priests, while the Communion Wafers are the smaller pieces of biscuits given to the people during mass. These Holy Wafers are special and are made with images of the Holy Cross on them.
The world of pastries is exciting. One of the classics of the industry are certainly wagon wheel types of biscuits, made from two biscuits with marshmallow filling, covered with a jam layer and covered in chocolate coating.
Biscuits and chocolate make for a great combination. Add marshmallows to the mix and you’ve got yourself a winner! They are a global phenomenon. There are so many version of them however, from New Zealand's chocolate fish to Danish cream bun or flødebolle.