Our idea for these articles was that you could use them as quick reference points for navigating the various articles on our site. Complete collection of all the biscuits that we have covered over the years. To make your life easier, as we have already mentioned, we have split them into two categories. We will update these collections accordingly, so that you always have access to up-to-date information for your research et cetera.
Without further ado, let us check out the various biscuit articles we have covered over the years, shall we?
Biscuits are small, flat, thin pieces of pastry that are baked to a low moisture content. The difference between the terms cookie and biscuit is that a cookie is a sweet, small, chunky product, baked to a low moisture content (just like the biscuit) and with long shelf life.
The two terms can also be two name variations of the same product. This depends on where you live. Cookies are most commonly baked until crisp or just long enough that they remain soft, but some kinds of cookies are not baked at all. If you wish to know all the differences between cookies and biscuits, go here.
Jammie Dodgers are popular biscuits in the UK and are made from short bread and raspberry jam. These biscuits have been enjoyed by the British for over fifty years. With short bread on the outside and raspberry flavoured jam on the inside, they are a true delight.
Burton’s Biscuit Company is the only company producing these biscuits. The Jamie Dodgers were listed as the most popular biscuit brand for children in the UK, in 2009. If you are here to find out their connection to Dr. Who, however, click here.
As their name implies, the gingerbread biscuits are biscuits that use ginger as their main ingredient. Other ingredients include molasses and honey, which is very healthy for the human body. What has earned this biscuit its global popularity, though, is its characteristic taste.
The term gingerbread is borrowed from the old French term gingimbrat or gingembras, which was in turn borrowed from medieval Latin term gingiber. Gingerbread now translates to pain d’espices, which is French for “spice bread” and lebkuchen – German for “pepper biscuit”. To find out more about them, click here.
The pretzel has a very distinct appearance, that of a loose knot. The pretzel is basically a salty cracker, however, by tweaking the original recipe one can create tasty biscuits.
The most widespread explanation behind their etymology is that pretzels draw their name from the German word Brezel, which also derives from the Latin word bracellus or bracchium. The biscuits are shaped as folded arms, just like the name suggests. Go here to learn more about them.
Aachener biscuits are traditional German biscuits, also called Lebkuchen. It originates from Aachen City, Germany. The Aachen biscuits look a lot like traditional English gingerbread biscuits. Honey is one of their main ingredients.
The term Aachener Printen is a protected term. Therefore, all Aachener biscuits are distributed from the city of Aachen. The name Aachener was derived from the German city where this biscuit was created. Printen, on the other hand, has several different definitions. To learn more about the history of these biscuits, click here.
Cornish fairings are traditional, spicy ginger-biscuits from Cornwall, UK. The Cornish Fairings are ginger biscuits given to children. Men also give these as gifts to their better halves.
Originally, Cornish Fairings were sold as souvenirs at English fairs. Fairing variations vary per region. For instance, in the north, they were simple, decorated Easter Paste eggs. In the Victorian times, the most popular version of the Cornish Fairings were the spiced ginger biscuits. To learn more about these fares and Fairings, go here.
Custard cream is a biscuit that is well-known in Britain. They are similar to biscuit sandwiches. They sport a creamy, custard-flavoured filling placed between two biscuits.
The custard cream originates from twentieth century England. The design of the biscuits is quite Victorian, with baroque markings such as Victorian. These biscuits are also very popular in Ireland. To find out more about the, press here.
Ginger biscuit are English goodies and are a very popular snacks. They are flavoured with powdered ginger, with hints of other spices like cinnamon and nutmeg.
Ginger biscuits are not to be mistaken with gingerbread! The former is a hard biscuit, while the latter is thicker and softer. Ginger biscuits are also called ginger nuts. Ginger biscuits are popular in countries like the UK, New Zealand, the Isle of Man and Australia. To read the full article, go here.
A Marie Biscuits is a type of sweet biscuit that is quite similar to English Rich tea biscuit. Marie biscuits are popular in almost every country around the globe. Marie Biscuits are round in shape and its name is imprinted in the centre of the biscuit, with intricate designs on the edges. They were, however, originally called Maria. To learn the history behind this, go here.
Shortbread is a sweet, crumbly biscuit from Scotland. Today, they are a popular Christmas treat, enjoyed all over the world.
Shortbread is sweet, dense and rich in flavour. Bakers like to make them, as they are easy to both bake and distribute. Legend has it that shortbread biscuits originate from eighteenth century Scotland. Shortbread is also considered by some to be the UK's greatest biscuit. Click here for the full article.
Photo: Martin Rettenberger/Shutterstock.com
Vanillekipferl are small crescent-shaped biscuits, which are very popular in Middle-European countries. They are usually made with ground hazelnuts or almonds. Their typical flavour is due to vanilla sugar that is dusted on top.
The Vanillekipferl biscuits are shaped like half-moons. They are usually served during Christmas season. They are easy to make and ideal as mid-afternoon snacks or for dieters. To learn more about them, and how they are connected to Ottoman Turks, click here.
Wafer biscuits are crisp, thin, sweet and flat biscuits that are used to decorate ice cream. Wafers are also used together with chocolate bars to enhance their taste.
The small round flatbreads that are used by Christian churches for celebrating the Eucharist are also called wafers. The Holy Wafer is the large biscuit taken by priests, while the Communion Wafers are the smaller pieces of biscuits given to the people during mass. These Holy Wafers are special and are made with images of the Holy Cross on them. To learn about more types of wafers, go here.
Speculaas are Dutch biscuits that are very popular in other countries as well. Speculaas are served on the eve of St. Nicholas’ Day and during Christmas season.
Some people say that the name Speculaas is taken from the Latin term speculum, which means mirror. There could be a connection because the Speculaas are moulded and decorated using wooden stamps with imprinted images. To learn more about these stamps and biscuits, go here.
Rich tea biscuits are a variety of sweet biscuits whose ingredients include wheat flour, vegetable oil, sugar and malt extract. These biscuits are popular in the United Kingdom.
Their plain flavour makes them really good dunking-biscuits. They were originally called Tea Biscuits and were developed in seventeenth-century Yorkshire for the British aristocracy. It has been said that the McVitie’s brand tastes like Britain itself, just like the nation’s past and future. As usual, go here to learn more about these great biscuits.
This traditional dessert has most-likely been made by Jewish immigrants that once settled in Ohio. Russian tea biscuits even look like a bigger version of a traditional Jewish cookie – rugelach.
In the eighteenth century, Russian tea cakes gained popularity during tea ceremonies. By the twentieth century they spread over the world, becoming a traditional part of Christmas festivities around the globe. To find out more interesting facts about them, click here.
Arrowroot has been used for many different applications. For example, it can be used as a healthier alternative to corn-starch. It is most recognizable in its powdered form. It is also prominently used for baking biscuits.
There is a theory that its name is a misspelling of the name given to the root used by the native Americans, the “Aru-root.” To learn about biscuits made from this incredible ingredient however, go here.
The bourbon biscuit… what is it? It is a biscuit sandwich created by combining two chocolate flavoured biscuits with a chocolate butter-cream filling. It goes great with tea and is adored by many.
The biscuits derive their name from a contraction of two names: Bourneville and Bonn. The significance of these two names can be discovered in the full article, along with a biography of its creator. Click here to learn these things.
Photo By Daniele Carotenuto/Shutterstock.com
Probably one of the most popular types of biscuits in the UK, digestive biscuits are a semi-sweet variety, made from coarse whole-wheat flour. The biscuit is firm, soft and crumbly.
The biscuit owns its name to the main leavening agent used in its production - baking soda. In the past, sodium bicarbonate was used to ease indigestion problems. As such, digestive biscuits have the same healthy properties. The name stuck and is used for the biscuits today. Read the full article.
Scones are classics. They never go out of style. They are perfect for any occasion and any time of day.
A scone falls under the bread/cake category. It is heavier than a muffin but thicker than flat bread, however. This biscuit type originates from the UK. It is usually combined with Devonshire tea, light meals, creams or jams. Here’s the full article for your reading pleasure.
Biscuits that we call fig rolls are proof that not everything is about cream filling (when it comes to biscuits). Biscuits can be as good when they are combined with fruit; in this case - figs. This delicacy has global fame, but did you know it dates back to ancient Egypt?
The fig (ingredient) has been around for a long time, and it was just a matter of time until people realised they could make a delicious biscuit out of it. The fig roll has all the goodness of figs and the convenience of conventional biscuits. Click here to see this convenience in action.
If you love Japanese delicacies, then this treat is perfect for you! Monaka biscuits are made from azuki bean jam-filling which are sandwiched between two thin wafers. The wafers are made from wochi flour.
Azuki bean (or red mung bean) is an annual vine known for its small beans which can be found in East Asia. Mochi, however, is a Japanese rice-cake made from mochigome, a short-grain rice. Monaka biscuits can also be made with sesame seeds, chestnuts, or almost any other ingredient in a paste form. Go here for the full Monaka biscuits article.
Viennese whirls are sandwich biscuits made from two shortbread biscuits glued together by raspberry jam and butter-cream. They go rather well with tea.
Even though Viennese whirls sound like they should originate from Austria, they were actually created in modern day UK. They were inspired by Austrian biscuits though. That is where their name comes from. Viennese Whirls were popularised by Mr. Kipling. Here’s the full article for your reading pleasure.
Snickerdoodle biscuits are a type of biscuit made from butter/oil, sugar and flour. They are also rolled in cinnamon sugar. Snickerdoodles are characterized by cracked surfaces and can be crisp or soft (depending on the ingredients).
Snickerdoodles are often called sugar biscuits. However, there is one key ingredient to them – tartar cream. It seems weird but it works perfectly. It makes the biscuits chewy. Another difference between snickerdoodles and sugar biscuits is the topping – cinnamon. You can learn more about these interesting biscuit by clicking this link.
The world of pastries is exciting. One of the classics of the industry are certainly wagon wheels biscuits, made from two biscuits with marshmallow filling, covered with a jam layer and covered in chocolate coating.
Biscuits and chocolate make for a great combination. Add marshmallows to the mix and you’ve got yourself a winner! They are a global phenomenon. There are so many version of them however, from New Zealand's chocolate fish to Danish cream bun or flødebolle. Go and read more about them here.
Hardtacks are hard, square biscuits/crackers that are made from flour and water. They are also called pilot biscuits, pilot bread, sea biscuits and ship biscuits.
Since they are very dry, they can be stored for longer periods of time without refrigeration. That, combined with the fact that they are easy to make, is one of the main reasons sailors and soldiers used them as rations. They would dip them in tea of coffee to soften them up. They are also light and can replace bread. To learn more about these war-time biscuits, click the following link.
Springerle biscuits are traditional Christmas treats in areas such as Bavaria and Austria. Springerle are white, anise-flavoured biscuits, made from simple egg-flour-sugar dough.
They are usually rectangular or circular in shape. They also have different designs stamped on them. The images are imprinted with specially-carved rolling pins or flat moulds. After the biscuits are made, the designs are enhanced with edible food-colours. Click here to learn more about these great-looking biscuits.
We are sure that, when we mention a certain food, a specific country instantly comes to your mind. Is there anything that comes to your mind when you hear the word “Brazil”? If not, after reading this article it surely will! To learn about the magical Sequilhos, go here.
The Toruń gingerbread is a very famous and loved type of biscuit. It has a long and rich history filled with interesting facts, tales and legends.
Tradition is important. It is important to keep it alive, in order to honour those who came before us and preserve some of their values. However, sometimes it is important to keep tradition alive simply because it is so incredibly tasty! The Toruń gingerbread, a gingerbread named after the city of Toruń, the place of its origin, is a traditional Polish biscuit with a history stretching back to the Middle Ages. Click here to keep that tradition alive.
Photo: Museum of Toruń Gingerbread, department of District Museum in Toruń, photographer: Krzysztof Deczyński
Macaroons, not to be confused with “macarons”, are an American version of the famous French biscuit. Besides their name, they don't have a lot of things in common. Coconuts became popular in the nineteenth century, thanks to the Indian imports. Bakers used them to rewrite the macaron recipe. You can learn more about its origin and history here.
Indian Nankhatai biscuits are dried sweets with a tradition and history stretching back to the sixteenth century. Nankhatai is also one of the main treats during the Diwali festival where people celebrate the victory of light over darkness. Many bakers prepare and sell their Nankhatai biscuits on the streets during these festivities.
Modern-day people lead very busy lifestyles. This can take its toll on a person’s well-being, so it is important to remember to relax sometimes, put everything aside and enjoy some peace and quiet. One good way to do so is with a cup of tea and some biscuits. This is a favourite pastime for many people across the world. If you are one of them, then you might appreciate the simplicity of the Indian Nankhatai biscuits.
One of the most popular variations of marshmallow treats is the chocolate-coated version. The variation actually depends on the various coatings used, which range from liquorice, chocolate, candy sprinkles et cetera.
There are different names given to these marshmallow treats. This candy confection originates from the land of Egypt. It bears the name “marshmallow treat” because the result is a great treat for everyone. To learn more about this treat, click here to go to the full article.
The name Petit Beurre originates from France and the company that invented them is named ''LU''. The LU stands for: ''little butter'' and their appearance has an interesting story related to time.
You’ve probably eaten these biscuits during your childhoods. If you want to relive it, and learn some interesting facts about the biscuits in the process, click here for the full article.
There is no difference between biscotti and cantuccini. All biscuits are called biscotti in Italian, and the word “biscotti” means “twice-cooked”. They are often made with almonds and are perfect to match with wine.
Many special biscuits belong to Italian cuisine, but the focus of this article is on one – cantuccini biscuits, you will have the opportunity to learn their origin, history, makers, and interesting facts. Here is the full article.